SORBITOL

IDENTIFICATION AND USE: a polyhydric alcohol with about half the sweetness of sucrose. Sorbitol occurs naturally and is also produced synthetically from glucose. It was formerly used as a diuretic and may still be used as a laxative and in irrigating solutions for some surgical procedures. It is also used in many manufacturing processes, as a pharmaceutical aid, and in several research applications.

ADVERSE EFFECTS: abdominal cramps, abdominal pain, diarrhea. May cause respiratory tract irritation. May cause skin irritation. May cause eye irritation. The substance may cause effects on the gastrointestinal tract. Finely dispersed particles form explosive mixtures in air.

FOUND IN THE FOLLOWING VACCINES: MMR (MMR-II), MMRV (PROQUAD), ROTAVIRUS (ROTARIX)